All diabetics know that maintaining proper blood sugar levels is the lifeline of their disease. Without maintaining this stability, the disease is left to run rampant through the body causing destruction. A diabetes sugar level chart serves as a reference to help keep things in balance.
The chart gives indicators throughout the stages of diabetes, from pre-diabetes to established diagnoses. It serves as a reference for keeping glucose levels in check so that the likelihood of flareups is minimized.
Under normal circumstances, the proper blood sugar level is between 70 and 150 mg/dL. The range takes into effect the difference in individual body composition, the various levels at which glucose is produced, the rate at which sugar is burned, etc. All of these factors make a person’s readingsas individual as they are. Your doctor can determine what range is appropriate for you.
Glucose readings will also fluctuate throughout the day so it is important to maintain readings in intervals. Readings will typically be the lowest in the morning, caused by forced fasting while you sleep. After meals, the levels will begin to rise for several hours as the food is digested. The rate at which it rises, and the level that it reaches, are directly proportionate to the amount of carbs that are ingested.
Checking Blood Sugar Levels
People with diabetes must maintain a balanced blood sugar level. This can be difficult to do in certain situations, such as traveling. The first step to making sure that your blood sugar levels stay balanced is to talk to your healthcare provider regarding when and how often to check your blood sugar. Most people check anywhere from one to four times each day.
Check at different times of the day
Most health care practitioners will tell you to vary the time that you’re checking your blood sugar so that you have a better idea of what’s going on throughout the day.
When you wake
The first time you check your blood sugar should be in the morning before you eat anything. This is called fasting blood sugar. Make sure that you haven’t had any food for at least eight hours. This will let you know how well your blood sugar is being controlled during the night while you’re asleep.
Before and after meals
You should also check blood sugar levels before and after a meal so that you can see how your body responds to certain foods. Some people will check at 2 AM or 3 AM in the morning to make sure that their insulin dose is adequate.
Before and after exercise
It’s very important to check blood sugar levels before and after exercise because a person’s body can react strongly to physical movement. For instance, people with high blood sugar will often notice a great reduction in their glucose levels following exercise.
If your diabetes is not under good control, always check your blood sugar level before you drive a car. This is especially true if you take any medications that can cause low blood sugar. If you feel any symptoms of low blood sugar, you should always check your glucose level.
Finally, during illness it is very important to check your blood sugar level more often as being sick can cause your glucose levels to rise. Make sure that you always write down your blood sugar results so that you can keep a good track record for your healthcare provider.
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